The latest issue of the journal Cultures & Conflits (76) has just been published. Edited by IdentiNet participants Dider Bigo and Pierre Piazza, and featuring a contribution from IdentiNet participant Ilsen About, the issue explores ‘Fichage et Listing’, and contains French-language articles on the transnational traffic in personal data, the control of mobility, and the challenges of achieving a balance between public safety and civil liberties. Abstracts (free) and articles can be accessed online via the journal website.
Archive for the 'Publications' Category
Tags: Civil Liberties, Europe, France, Migration, Policy, Privacy, Registration, Security, technology
The official conference report on our 2009 public event, Identifying the Person: Past, Present and Future (St Antony’s College, University of Oxford, 26-27 September 2009), has just been published in the Spring 2010 issue of the History Workshop Journal. The report was prepared by postdoctoral participants Gayle Lonergan and Julia Laite, and the network facilitator James Brown. The issue also features an article on the identification of British citizens in the interwar period by IdentiNet lead investigator Edward Higgs. A pdf of the report can be accessed via this free-access link.
Tags: Civil Liberties, Crime, DNA Databases, Europe, Policy, Privacy, Registration, Security, Twentieth Century
The French journal Cultures & Conflits has dedicated its summer issue (number 74) to the theme of ‘Security and Data Protection’. Articles explore, amongst other things, the protection of personal data in transatlantic context, enlarging access to European databases and the EU’s strategy against organized crime, and the issue closes with an interview with Armand Mattelart conducted by IdentiNet member Didier Bigo. For further details, see the issue flyer (pdf). Articles (in French) and abstracts (In English) can be found on the journal website.
Tags: Civil Liberties, ID Cards, Surveillance, technology, Twentieth Century
Identifying Citizens: ID Cards as Surveillance, a new study by IdentiNet member David Lyon, has just been published. The book takes a historical, comparative, and sociological look at citizen-identification, and argues that the proliferation of ID card systems around the world represents a distinctive new phase in the long-term attempts of modern states to find stable ways of identifying citizens. It concludes that the widespread implementation of ID cards is both likely and, without safeguards, troublesome, though not necessarily for the reasons most commonly proposed. For further details and ordering information, see the Polity website.
Tags: Biometrics, Fingerprinting, Forensics, Policing
Posted by Massimiliano Pagani. A new version of the Handbook of Fingerprint Recognition was published in May 2009. The authors announce that this is not a mere new edition. The 2009 book is a major update that describes the most recent advances in fingerprinting, represented by over 500 papers on fingerprint recognition published between 2003 and 2008. The DVD included with the book also contains the databases used in the 2004 Fingerprint Verification Competition (FVC 2004). For full details and ordering information see the Springer website. Picture: stock.xchng
Tags: Britain, Civil Liberties, Legal Frameworks, Policy, Privacy, Registration, Surveillance, technology
A new report on the ‘Database State’ has argued that many of Britain’s public sector databases are inefficient, invasive of privacy and vulnerable to legal challenge. The study was commissioned by the Joseph Rowntree Reform Trust and undertaken by members of the Foundation for Information Policy Research, including IdentiNet member Ross Anderson (Security Engineering, University of Cambridge). The report suggests that 11 of the 46 largest central databases are illegal under human rights or data protection laws (a further 29 are given an ‘amber light’), and makes a range of new recommendations for the collection and management of personal data and the development of government IT systems. Here’s the report and the executive summary, while Ross has also blogged some conclusions at The Guardian‘s Liberty Central. Picture: Chris Campbell/flickr (CC)
Tags: Civil Liberties, France, Policing, Registration
IdentiNet member Pierre Piazza has contributed to an article entitled ‘Le Stic, un fichier mal fichu’, recently published in the French daily newspaper Libération. It assesses the reliability and privacy implications of the Système de Traitement des Infractions Constatées (STIC), a police database containing the details of 8.7% of the French population (or 5.5 million people). Picture: stock.xchng
Tags: Civil Liberties, Identity Theft, Security, technology
A new collection of essays on ‘Ethical Issues in E-Business: Models and Frameworks’ is seeking contributions. The book will be edited by Daniel E. Palmer (Kent State University) and published by IGI Global in 2010 as part of their Advances in E-Business Research series, and aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the ethical issues associated with the expanding world of online transactions. Proposals are invited on a range of themes relevant to the network, including consumer identification, tracking techniques, data mining, privacy, and online security. The deadline for 2-3 page chapter proposals is 20 March 2009; for full details and submission instructions, see H-Net.
Tags: Forensics, Registration
As we flagged last month, IdentiNet member Pierre Piazza has recently published an article on ‘Le mythe de l’infaillibilité’ in the online French journal Médiapart, in which he explores the worrying prevalence of human and technical errors in the history of identification, registration and scientific policing. The earlier link required subscription, but they have kindly allowed him to reproduce a full-text version here (pdf). Picture: stock.xchng